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Mr. Harris, who is clerk to the concern, politely showed me over the whole.  It is a large and splendid establishment.  They make their own machinery.  Of cotton bagging they can make 1650 yds. per day -- present price, 35 to 36 cts.  They also make Kentucky jeans, a mixture of wool and cotton, and card, spin and weave cotton.  A great number of women and girls employed.  Women's wages, 87 1/2 cts. to $1.25 per day.  Girls of 12 yrs. earn 50 to 62 1/2 cts.  One woman wove 600 yds. of bagging in 1 day and received a handsome dress as a premium for it.  This establishment has been in operation but 3 yrs., and they contemplate enlarging it by the erection of another bagging house, to cost $100,000.

Thursday, Octo. 15, 1835

Took passage on board the steamboat Algonquin, bound for New Orleans, but to stop at Louisville.  The advertisement said to sail at 8 o'clock, but did not get off until 1/2 past 10.  The Algonquin is a beautiful new boat, built at Pittsburg, to ply between Pittsburg and New Orleans; this is her first trip.  Accommodations fine, but not a large boat.  Capt. Cadwallader, a very young and genteel-looking man.

Fare at Broadway Hotel, including the washing
of 6 pieces$1.62 1/2
Porter .25 
Map of Illinois.50 

The banks of the Ohio increase in beauty as we descend.  Numerous gentlemen's seats, of taste and elegance, adorn the banks, and villages also appear, but they generally present a decaying aspect.  The introduction of steamboats has taken away their business, which was mostly with the boats.

At the north bend of the Ohio, passed the residence of Genl. Harrison, a modest but neat white wooden house, in the midst of a fine, thrifty-looking orchard.

Just below the mouth of Miami, passed Lawrenceburg, the first town on the Ohio, in the State of Indiana.  Has some good buildings; guess some 500 inhabitants.

The steamboat Genl. Pike, with the U. S. mail, which left Cincinnati soon after us, has several times come close upon us, notwithstanding her stoppages with the mail.  At half past 1 we stopt to wood, and she passed us.  Captain said the two boats have the same power, viz., 160 lbs. to the inch, but the Algonquin has only 60 lbs. on today -- machinery new, and don't like to force her -- at which I am well pleased -- slow and sure.

Passed the Village of Vevay, in Indiana, and Ghent, on the Kentucky side, just before night.  Vevay is in Switzerland County, and was settled by emigrants

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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas