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from Switzerland, whose object was to found a colony of Vignerons.  After night, rounded to at the Town of Madison, in Indiana.  Among the passengers on board I recognized Dan'l Somers, an old schoolmate in Alexandria.  He has been living, for 10 years, in New York, and is now going to reside in New Orleans.  Was introduced by him to John R. Davis, of Vicksburg.  On board Major Flournoy, from near Lexington, Ky., a fine specimen of the Kentuckian; a great resemblance of H. Clay.  A Mr. Silman, of Germany, on his travels; been through much of the United States; intelligent, modest, prepossessing.  Several ladies going to Vicksburg.  Fare to Louisville, $4.  Distance, 132 miles from Cincinnati.  Conversed with -----, originally from Maine; has lived some years in Suffolk, Va.; the last 2 years in Louisiana.  He settled, without purchasing, on U. S. lands, on an island in the Red River, below the Raft.  Inhabitants French.  His brother has bought in Texas.  He does not like Texas; thinks the titles insecure and the Gov't unstable.

Friday, Octo. 16, 1835

This morning found ourselves at the wharf at Louisville, having arrived during the night.  Was awakened at daybreak by the ringing of what I thought was a church bell; learned that it is a part of the police regulations of the place to ring this bell (court house bell) at daybreak every day.  They call it the Day Bell.  Walked about town early; not market day; no one in the market house.  The Algonquin is advertised to sail today at 2 p.m.; resolved not to go today.  Our party went to the Louisville Hotel, a large and well-kept house, by Drake & -----. 

Fell in with J. F. Scott, who is going down to Yellow Banks today.  Hudgins and Farish resolved to go with him.  I will stay to see some gentlemen here, and will overtake them at Yellow Banks, as Scott cannot leave there until Sunday or Monday, when we will all proceed down the river together.

Called to see Judge Browne, and was most affectionately received by him.  Found at his office Mr. Minge and Mr. Adams, both of Virginia, on their way to Southwest.  Judge laments having stopt at Louisville; has not met with encouragement; thinks he would have done better by going farther.  Judge's family reside in country.

Called to see Horace B. Hill, who is now one of the most prominent merchants of this place (H. B. Hill & Co.).  Walter Cox lives with them.  Was cordially received; invited to dine with him, a bachelor, and boards at Throckmorton's.  After dinner took me in his gig, a drive all around the city -- to the race field, to the canal, where I saw the steamboats passing through, under the bridge.  Afterwards we ascended to the top of a new hotel -- the Galt House -- just built, and had a beautiful panoramic view of the city.  I now have a clear perception of the external features of the city and its locality.  It is regular, and

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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas