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Tuesday, Nov. 3, 1835

My birthday -- forty-eight years old, and just beginning the world anew, and in a new world.  All day at work copying maps.  Can hear of great speculations in lands in all parts of the State.  All classes engage in the purchase of lands as soon as they can make a little money by other means; and as yet, while lands are rising all do well.  The election closed today, quietly.  It will be several days before the result, even for this county, can be known, as there are several precincts to be heard from.  The contest has been mostly for persons.  This place is decidedly anti-Van Buren, and Poindexter being a candidate for the senate, the election as to members of the assembly will turn on that.  McNutt, a candidate for the State senate, is a Jackson man, but pledges himself to vote for Poindexter.  He is believed to be elected.  No letter from home.

Wednesday, Nov. 4, 1835

Rained incessantly all day.  Copied maps as long as I could see.  At night received a letter from my wife, written 11th and 13th, postmarked 14th; twenty-one and a half days coming.  All well.  This town is built on a succession of steep hills, formerly called the Walnut Hills, very much washed and full of ravines, and the cost of graduation and filling up will be great; very badly done, so far.  Streets not paved, very few footways even paved.  Full of dirt and rubbish, very slippery, almost impassable.  The poor cattle that have to pull the wagons and drays up hill suffer much and are ill treated.

The tavern at which I lodge is badly kept, dirty, ill furnished and mean.

T. 16 R 3 W. -- T. 16 R. 4 W.
T. 15 R. 3 W. -- T. 15 R. 4 W.
T. 18 R. 6 W. --
Scott thinks are worth examination; also T. 17 R. 3 W., south fraction.

Thursday, Nov. 5, 1835

Still raining all the forenoon; cleared up in afternoon, sun set clear; effect on the river very fine.  Copied maps all day.  In the afternoon Farish reported a fight in the street between two lawyers, Templeton and Guyon, rough roll and tumble in the mud; no deadly weapons used!  I have not seen a fight, nor heard a quarrel approaching to a fight since I have been in the State.  The quantity of liquors drank at the bar is immense.

Friday, Nov. 6, 1835

Morning cloudy, cleared up finely; weather delightful.  A headache all day, otherwise well.  Still engaged in copying maps.  Scott very busy arranging his business to depart for Red River.  Arranged our business so as to negotiate draft

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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas