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planting must be more profitable.  Each hogshead of sugar produces forty gallons of molasses.

Left Mde. Toureau's at 11 o'clock.  Weather mild and genial.  The banks verdant with grass; everything wears such a garb as one might expect in mild April weather in Virginia.  The Negroes look healthy and cheerful.  The Creoles look brunette, swarthy and lean, but healthful, cheerful, active; the soft, cheerful, pleasant Creole French meets the ear continually.  This looks like a delightful country where one might live.  We shall reach New Orleans before night.  The day is so delightful and the country so novel and cheering in its aspect, compared to the dull, monotonous, savage aspect of the Upper Mississippi, that I want to be on deck and feast my senses.

Had several conversations with Mr. Carniel about Texas, and lands generally.  He is interested in Col Milam's claim[ 3]  in Texas -- one-eighth.  Does not like the state of things there.  Prefers buying United States lands in the States, at government price, to speculating in Texas lands; but says if he was twenty years younger (he is now fifty) he would go to Texas, and with $10,000 he would make as much wealth as he pleased.  His plan would be to buy cotton land on the coast, and stock it with Negroes from Cuba.[ 4]  He says a plenty of good land may now be bought in Texas for twenty-five cents per acre.  My room mate, C. K. Bullard, of New York, thinks he is mistaken; that good lands, in good situations, can't be got under $1.00.  Conversed with a Mr. Carson,[ 5]  who lives in Texas, and is just from there -- left Mississippi a year ago; he and his family suffered much from sickness in Mississippi; been perfectly healthy in Texas; delighted with the country; does not think the lands more productive than in Mississippi, but climate dry and healthy.  He got land from the Empressarios in Zavala's Colony,[ 6]  on Ariet Bayou; the office now closed.  Thinks the State will be independent, and then come into our Union.  That the leaders are ambitious, and would like to have a separate government, but the people would prefer our Union; that Houston is in bad esteem with the army, and has resigned; the army wants organization and a head; acts mostly in detached parties, captains' commands.  (I apprehend he is mistaken about Houston; he is still in command, and appears to be popular.)[ 7]

Arrived at New Orleans just before dark, and took lodgings at Richardson's Hotel, corner of Camp and Commune Streets.  Found here Parker and his brother-in-law Forbes, Raleigh Green, Col. Causin, Col. Jenifer, etc.  Saw also Jere Morton and Geo. A. Smith.  Morton's family are here, boarding at Mrs. Hagerty's in Canal Street.  After supper, walked out with Parker, and passing Caldwell's new theatre, went in to see it; the play, "Wept of Wishton Wish."  The part of Maranata by the famous danseuse, Celeste.  The character was interesting and well sustained.  After the play Celeste danced, which was the principal


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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas