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immense icicles from the rocks on the mountain sides.  He did not go to examine them, but he saw them on the march, and the Indians told him they were salt, and from what he saw in their possession he did not doubt the fact.  Fort Towson is at the mouth of the Kiomechin, and is north of the 44th deg. N.  Above that the Red River bears away to the south, much more than is represented on the maps.  Its waters interlock with those of the Brazos.[16]

Friday, January 22, 1836

Found ourselves this morning lying at Alexandria, 329 miles from New Orleans, 104 from mouth of the river.  An old and decaying looking place, of about 1,000 population.  A good looking brick court house, a wretched market, some large and well assorted stores.  Here we put off some passengers, and a good deal of freight, which detained us until noon.  On the shore I found a servant of Judge Johnson, who had come into town to market.  Gave him a note to Geo. Hancock, who was at the Judge's, and came in and joined us.  Saw William Dunbar, who looks very well, and Robert Mackay, who is keeping a drug and bookstore, also well.  Saw also Geo. Duncan, the yellow barber from Fredericksburg, who has erected a pole here.  Called on Mr. Satterfield, and delivered to him his hat, which had been inadvertently landed at Helena in October from the Algonquin, and which I have had charge of ever since.

Introduced by Hancock to his brother-in-law, Dr. Davidson, of Alexandria (Hancock married -----'s sister), who is the son of the elder Dr. Davidson, of New Orleans, with whom I dined at Chew's, and married a daughter of Dr. Ker.

Also to Mr. J. Cable, of Nachitoches, who has a map of the Raft and the intermediate country from that to the Sabine.  Memo., try to get a copy.  (*Jared Cable.)

Left Alexandria at 1 o'clock p.m.

At 8:30 entered the Bon Dieu.

The day has been very cold; the morning was drisling and raw, and the wind has been keen from the north all day; very like snow, and I doubt not snow is now falling at the North.

Saturday, January 23, 1836

Daylight found us fifteen miles from Nachitoches, where we had stopt to wood; arrived at Nachitoches about 8 o'clock, while at breakfast.  Learned on inquiry that J. F. Scott, of Hempstead County, Arkansas, had been here several days, and left it yesterday morning on the Privateer for New Orleans -- unfortunate.  Saw here the Mexican Governor of Coahuila and Texas, Viesca, and the political chief of Nacogdoches, Rueg, and several other Mexicans, on their way to New Orleans.[17]  Saw Capt. Vail, to whom I delivered Wm. Ritchie's letter; his trunk had been sent to San Augustine.  The Levant returned down the river


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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas