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this evening.  Irvine and Hancock returned in her.  Endeavored to get a horse, but could not find a decent one in the place for sale.

Got acquainted on board the Levant with a Col. Horton,[18]  from Alabama, who is going to Texas with his slaves, to settle a plantation on the Colorado.  Also a Major Wm. Fortson, who is going to settle on public land, near the Grand Cave, ----- miles from Nachitoches; says he travelled with Scott & Burnley last summer.  And a Mr. Mays, who is also going to settle on public land, sixty miles above the Raft.  He has his wife along, and a family of fine children.

D. H. Vail lent me a newspaper printed at Nacogdoches, called the "Texean and Emigrant's Guide,"[19]  No. 7, January 9.  It commences a publication of the Colonization Laws of the Mexican United States.  By this paper I learn that emigrants may now go into that country and take lands according to their Colonization Laws.  See the report of the select committee, Js. D. Clements and James Power, December 30, 1835.

The wind has continued all day from northeast; cloudy, raw and cold, threatening snow.

Sunday, January 24, 1836

It has rained during the night, and the trees are all covered with sleet.  It is still drizzling and cold, wind northeast.  No church here but the Roman Catholic, and that very little respected.  Called in for a few minutes to hear the priests chanting masses in Latin; about thirty persons present, black and white, men, women and children.  Stores all open, and every kind of business going on as on any other day.  Continued my efforts to buy a horse all day, which I could not effect without submitting to great imposition, until the afternoon, when I got a very good one of a Creole, on a plantation across the river, for $100.  He is to bring him over at 8 o'clock tomorrow morning.

Fell in with a Scotch family, Wm. Sturrock, with his wife and two sons, lads, his son-in-law, Robert Galletly, wife, and several fine, hearty looking children.  They emigrated from Scotland to New York two years ago, tried Canada, found it too cold, lived one year in the interior of New York; at length got some scrip from the "Galveston Bay and Texas Land Co.," in New York, for which they paid ten cents per acre.  They have wended their way this far towards Texas, and are waiting here until the spring opens, when they mean to go over.  Sturrock is a carpenter, Galletly a farmer.  They have gone to housekeeping and working at the carpenter's trade.  The old man says he and his boys are now earning $3 per day.  They are very decent people; belong to the Kirk of Scotland; have some good books; among them saw Henry's Commentary.  They will make valuable citizens of any country.

Introduced by landlord (----- Cooke) to ----- Chapman, formerly of


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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas