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expenses.  He supposes the doctor will have to give it away for about fifty cents per acre, and it is worth twenty dollars.

Sunday, January 31, 1836

A fine, clear, frosty morning, with a cold northwest wind.  Left Dr. Lawhon's at half past nine o'clock.  Were soon overtaken by Lt. Col. Hy. Millard,[26]  of the First Regiment, Texian Infantry, who rode with us into Nacogdoches.  Passed over a diversified country, much sand, and pine growth, some strips of red land and some black land on the bayous.  Passed the Ayish Bayou, Attoyac, Morel, etc.; growth, pine, black jack and scrub hickory.  General appearance not promising.  Very much like the uplands in Hinds and Madison Counties, Mississippi, except in the color of the land.

Col. Millard had been a merchant in Natchez, then in New Orleans, and now in Texas.  Came to this country last July; had a store on the Neches, kept by his brother some years before.  Has operated in lands.  Was a member of the Convention in November, 1835, and also of the Provisional Council, which he left, some weeks ago, after getting his appointment in the army.  Thinks the new Convention must declare for independence; if they do not the army will.  He is now superintending the recruiting service.

Arrived at Nacogdoches before night.  Saw Col. Edwards and Mr. J. K. Allen, to whom I delivered my letters.  Was invited by the former to his house, along with Capt. Sherman, where we took lodgings, with an old Virginia welcome.

Col. Haden Edwards is a native of Stafford County, Virginia born near Aquia Church, whence he removed with his father in 1779, he being then but eight years old.  Has experienced various fortunes since.  Been a lawyer and a merchant.  Lived in several States of the U. S., and in Mexico; got a grant of lands, which has not been confirmed so as to be available to him.  He is now sixty-five years old;[27]  lives with his son-in-law, Col. Frost Thorn,[28]  who is a merchant in Nacogdoches.

Monday, February 1, 1836

This is the day designated by the Provisional Council for a general election of members of the new Convention.  There are a large number of candidates.  This place is much divided on the questions of adhering to the Mexican Constitution of 1824, or declaring for absolute and immediate independence.  Much excitement prevailed.  The constitutional party have enlisted on their side all the Mexicans, or native Texians, who are a swarthy, dirty looking people, much resembling our mulattos, some of them nearly black, but having straight hair.  The company of Newport, Ky., Volunteers have been detained here to vote; they are on the independence side.  Several of the candidates addressed the people,


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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas