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Tuesday, February 2, 1836

The polls have been open all day, and 407 votes have been taken in the two days.  Inasmuch as the volunteers, and all other "free white males" have been permitted to vote, and I was desirous of becoming a citizen as soon as possible, I went forward and tendered my vote, which was cheerfully received, and I am now considered as identified with the interests of the country, and entitled to all the rights of citizenship!  This day has gone off quietly.  The angry feelings excited yesterday are hushed, if not extinguished.  The foremost candidates are Th. J. Rusk, 247; C. P. Taylor, 221; Jno. S. Roberts, 203; Jno. K. Allen, 200.  These four are supposed to be elected, but there are other election precincts in the municipality, the returns from which may vary the result.  The next highest were ROBERT POTTER,157; Col. Haden Edwards, 133.[30]

The weather for the two last days has been very fine, cool, but clear, dry and elastic, like fine autumn weather in Virginia.  I wear no overcoat.

Wednesday, February 3, 1836

Another fine day, but warmer than yesterday; three white frosts and then a rain is the rule here, so we may expect rain tomorrow.

Subscribed for the "Texean and Emigrant's Guide," a paper published weekly, at $5.  Sent then also to Enquirer and Arena, and requested exchange.  It contains an abstract of the Colonization Laws.  Gave some New Orleans papers to the editor, D. E. Lawhon, the brother of Dr. Lawhon.  Took a survey of the town and suburbs.  The town is prettily situated on a sandy plain, between two fine, clear streams -- the Banito (Little Bath), on the west, and the Nana (Mother), on the east -- each of them of sufficient volume and fall for mills or machinery, and amply sufficient for a large canal, which might be easily constructed to their junction with the Angelina, which has boat navigation to within eight miles of this place.[31]  There are several mounds on the north side of the town, where the Roman Catholic (or Mexican) burying ground is located; that of the Protestants or Anglo-Americans is several hundred yards from it, on the east side of the town.  The town is old, and once contained four or five thousand souls,[32]  now scarce as many hundreds; the buildings, with one or two exceptions, miserable, shabby, old Mexican houses, constructed by inserting pickets in the ground and fastening them on the top by a plate, and daubing the interstices with red mud, some built of logs, covering, clap boards, chimneys of mud.  They are scarcely equal in appearance to the Negro houses in the suburbs of Fredericksburg.  The appearance is shabby in the extreme; not a decent tavern in the place.  But there is a tolerably good society in a few families of Anglo-Americans.[33]  There is no social intercourse between them and the Mexicans.[34]  The latter much resemble our mulattos in appearance and


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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas