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purchase down at once, and stipulate to settle them in six years, in the same way that the colonists do.  If this be a true statement of the case, I do not see that there is any good ground for the clamor that is raised against the speculation.  And I suspect the clamor is principally raised by those who are disappointed in a participation in the speculation.  A good speculation it certainly is, and, by the showing of Durst, a fair one.[17]

Left Durst's after breakfast, Capt. Sherman in company going on to overtake his men.  Crossed the Angelina (pronounced here Anchleen), two miles; eight miles further on came to the estate (haciendo) of Col. Peter Ellis Bean, a Colonel in the Mexican service, to whom I had been introduced at Col. Edwards'.  Stopt to see him; found him sick in bed; had been very sick, but was recovering.

Near Bradshaw's, a few miles west of the Neches, met Major General Samuel Houston, accompanied by his aids, Major Geo. W. Hockley and Major Alex Horton, and a Capt. Lawrence, of the Tennessee Troop, and -----.  Delivered our letters.  He dismounted, and, sitting down on the ground, wrote a number of memoranda with his pencil on them, addressed them to Governor Smith, and returned them to us.  Found on examination that his memoranda were highly flattering.  He said he was going to hold a treaty with the Indians settled in Texas, north of Nacogdoches, Cherokees, Shawnees, etc, and that he would be back at Washington by the first of March.  Spoke highly of Governor Smith; said he was as honest a man as ever lived, that the Council with which the Governor disagreed was bribed, etc.

Crossed the River Nachez, or Snow River,[18]  ten miles from Bean's.  The Nachez and Angelina are about the same size, about thirty or forty yards wide at the ferry, which is crossed in a flat.  Arrived after dark at McLean's, a small house on the road near the San Pedro, which enters into the Nachez.[19]  Here we found our Tennessee friends who left us this morning.  Supper coarse but good, bed excellent; some had to sleep on the floor.  My age stood me in good service, both at supper and bedtime.

The country for the last two days has been improving.  The color of the land is becoming darker, and the pines scarcer.  The surface is rolling, and in some places presents fine views, but the soil does not appear rich, except on the water courses.  The high lands are sand ridges.  The ground is dotted with innumerable little sand hillocks, resembling ant hills (which I suppose them to be), the sizes of which are from a peck to a half bushel.  Roads very fine.  Weather -----.

Fare at Durst's $1.  Ferriage at Angelina, 25 cents; ditto at Nachez, 25 cents.

Tuesday, February 9, 1836

Left McLean's early, and rode to Jacob Master's, twelve miles, to breakfast,


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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas