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says that it has never passed from the government.  (See his argument.)  Here will be work for the courts and lawyers.[41]

The new fortification is to be erected on Campeachy Point at the east end of the island.

NOTE -- Captain Hoyt, of the schooner Pennsylvania, has been commissioned a Captain in the Texas navy -- a vulgar, rude, coarse-looking man.  Has a number of families on board his vessel, bound for New Orleans.  To the ladies he is said to have been rude; they wish to leave his vessel.

Saturday, April 9, 1836

This morning we started early for Point Bolivar, having procured a pilot, Captain Smith, of Anahuac, where we designed going tonight.  The wind, all this week, has been fresh from the south.  We came out around Pelican Island, by the west channel, and then stretched across to Point Bolivar under the lee of Pelican Island; the other would have been the shorter passage, but our pilot thought it would be too rough for our little boat.  We found this sufficiently so.  As we came up the schooner Kosciusco went out to sea through the west channel -- wind fair and fine.  It was calculated she would reach New Orleans in forty-eight hours.  Called by the Pennsylvania, and took off Lt. Bannister, who wished to go to Harrisburg.  At Point Bolivar found a number of families from Brazoria, etc., encamped.  Got breakfast among them.  Lt. Bannister has a boat here called the St. Patrick, in which he proposed we should proceed to Anahuac.  After much delay and difficulty we all got on board the Shenandoah, which having some stores on board that Triplett wished to get for the government, he had prevailed on the Captain to take his vessel up to Harrisburg.  The Captain did not know the bay well, and he wanted our pilot.  Some of the families on the Point determined to go to Anahuac, and came on board again, which kept us till after 3 o'clock.  We made the run to Red Fish Bar very well; but from ignorance of the channel the vessel there grounded.  We cast anchor for the night.  The vessel being crowded with goods and passengers, we were compelled to sleep on deck.

Point Bolivar is a much finer site than Galveston, and I think a better situation for a town, but not so safe a harbor.  It is a peninsula, divided from the Gulf by East Bay, which runs up towards Sabine Bay, some fifteen miles, and the waters of the two bays approach each other very nearly, and in high tides boats have passed from one to the other.  A canal intercourse might easily be opened between them.  The land on Point Bolivar is very fine, and higher than Galveston.  Some few groves of small wood are scattered on the shores.  Some strong salt springs are found between Galveston and Sabine Bays.  Frank's works,[42]  one, -----, another.  Captain Smith examined Canty's chart; says it is


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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas