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a very fair one.  Canty was once his mate; is now in the navy; an Englishman, a drunkard, a good sailor.[43]

Point Bolivar would make a splendid plantation and stock farm, destitute of wood and fresh water.

Distance to Sabine Bay -----.  The High Islands (groups of trees) lie between them; lands said to be fine, but low.

Sunday, April 10, 1836

During the past night it has rained, and a strong norther has sprung up.  Our vessel has swung from her groundings, and now rides in the midst of the Red Fish channel, but unable to get out for the head wind.  We find our situation very uncomfortable, and Triplett and Neblett wished to set out in our little boat.  I thought it imprudent, but did not oppose it, and we embarked, designing to run up to New Washington, and on to Lynchburg, Anahuac being given up.  Captain Smith, our pilot, took the helm.  I quickly repented the undertaking, and so, I believe, did the rest.  For the wind was strong ahead, and dashed the water over us so much that all quickly got wet.  Some fears, I believe, were also entertained for our safety, and all united in the expediency of making for shore except the Captain, who was much disappointed at the delay, and said he could have made New Washington.  Ran into a cove near Clear Creek, and landed at the house of Mr. Edwards, where we found Mr. Ashmore Edwards and his brother-in-law, ----- Morris (Jaw Bone M.), a Mr. Aldridge, and Mr. Stanley.  We were kindly entertained, and as the gale continued, remained all night.  Morris came from Lunenburg County, Virginia; Neblett and he were acquainted there.  Edwards is the nephew of Colonel Edwards of Nacogdoches, and the brother of Monroe Edwards, who imported the Guinea Negroes from Cuba about a month ago.  (See Fisher's report on the subject.)  About fifty of those poor wretches are now here, living out of doors, like cattle.  They are all young, the oldest not 25, the youngest, perhaps, not more than 10; boys and girls huddled together.  They are diminutive, feeble, spare, squalid, nasty, and beastly in their habits.  Very few exhibit traits of intellect.  None seem ever to have been accustomed to work.  Some of them gave the same names to common things that those I had seen at Edward's did; others gave different names; of course, from different tribes.  One girl sat apart and held no converse with the crowd.  She is said to belong to a different tribe from any of the rest, and to stand on her dignity.  There is a boy also among them, about 14 or 15, a runt, who is acknowledged to be a prince, and deference is shown him.  He claims the prerogative of five wives, and flogs them at his pleasure.  They are mostly cheerful, sing and dance of nights; wear caps and blankets; will not wear close clothes willingly; some go stark naked.  A beef was killed at Morris' home, 100 yards


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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas