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home bareheaded.[11]  Here was a poor woman, a fugitive, with three small children sick with measles.  Paid for dinner 50 cents.  At night we came up with Catlett and company at Williams'; only one young man at home.  Got supper and corn for horses.  We all stood guard tonight, each one hour, there being eight of us.

Wednesday, April 20, 1836

Last night we kept guard by turns, each standing one hour.  Mine was the last, from 4 till 5 o'clock.  Left Williams' at 7 o'clock; $1.  As we approached the Naches, we found there was great uncertainty about crossing the river.  The boats were said to have been taken from all the ferries and carried down to the lower bluff.  Thither we bent our way, passing great numbers of fugitives, men, women and children, black and white, with all the accustomed marks of dismay.  Arrived about noon at the lower bluff.  The house is kept by Joseph Grigsby, an old Kentuckian, who was an old acquaintance of Triplett, and seemed very glad to see him.

Grigsby says this is a fine site for a town.  Th. F. McKinney has laid out one near it, called Georgia.  He says the entrance of the Sabine Lake is always good for eight and a half feet of water, and the Naches for nine miles has four to four and one-half feet, and at the lowest stage two feet; that there is a good landing on the inlet.  The league is owned by one ----- McGaffey;[12]  that on the Louisiana shore of the inlet, opposite to McGaffey's league, there is also a bluff not yet surveyed by the government.  A section would cover all the good land there.  This place is built on a firm shell bank.  Grigsby is the father-in-law of G. W. Smith, who was a member of the convention.  He owns a league of land on Cedar Creek, 200 miles up the Naches, on which there is a mill.

The report of the Mexicans being on Cow Creek is not credited here.  It is believed to have been circulated by Rains, McLaughlin, etc.  There are many families here waiting to be ferried across the bay, a distance of seven or eight miles, and put on the United States shore.  There are at least 1,000 fugitives here, among them Menifee, A. B. Hardin, Smith, Jno. Fisher, all members of the Convention.

Thursday, April 21, 1836

Triplett, Forbes and Cazeneau have determined to go to New Orleans by water, in a vessel, the schooner Loan, now lying in the bay, believing that it will be the most expeditious mode.  Neblett, Dobie, Catlett, Fleury, Cady and myself determined to go by land, by the way of Beaumont.  Started at 10 o'clock.  Bill at Grigsby's $2.25.  Arrived at Beaumont about 1 o'clock.  Passed on the road the Kuykendall family.  They have in charge the poor little lost baby, which each

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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas