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the summer months.  On a high beautiful bank, in the bay of Biloxi.  The shores here are white sand, and everything wears a neat, clean and healthy aspect, every way different from the murky banks of the Mississippi.

Passengers, Judge Wright of Pensacola; Mr. -----, collector, of Florida; Colonel Hamilton, Mr. Barilli, etc.  Colonel Hamilton told me much of the Randleson's, Mr. Lyons, and S. Barton's affair with Williams.  (Steamcar, 50 cents; steamboat, $12.)

Sunday, May 22, 1836

Passed through the Sound Islands, on the outside, Pascagoula, Dauphin Island, Mobile Point, etc.  Went up Mobile Bay in the forenoon, through the shipping which lay at anchor some miles from Mobile, to receive cargoes.  Should judge there were thirty to forty ships, several English, numerous steamboats, lighters, barges and flats, etc., passing down, some with enormous loads of cotton for the ships, the business of loading not being interrupted by Sunday.  The new City of Alabama was pointed out by a passenger, on the east side of the bay; great efforts are making by all sorts of people to get up a speculation in it.  I apprehend it will turn out nothing more.

Arrived at Mobile after dinner.  Put up at Mansion House.  Met Rich'd T. Harmon on the wharf, who walked over town with me, showed me to the Episcopal Church.  A Mr. Lewis is the pastor.  The church is a good wooden building, amply sufficient for a large congregation.  But these people are extravagant in everything.  This is a temporary church; they are erecting a large brick one.  The Presbyterians are also erecting a new brick church, and the Catholics a still more extensive and splendid one.  The congregation was quite large for Sabbath afternoon.  An organ -- not played -- singing poor.

Met Mr. Price, a young lawyer of Richmond, Va.; has been here for some months; tired, and going back.  Saw also James Spillman and H. M. Thompson.

Monday, May 23, 1836

At Mobile.  Called to see Hugh Nelson (Misuge, Nelson & Co.).  Looks badly, consumptive, but the same unaffected, worthy fellow as ever.  Called also to see John Scott, who is doing well here in dry goods line.

There is today a general parade of the volunteer company to furnish the quota required by the Governor for the Creek campaign.  Three companies volunteered, so no draft will be necessary; only two companies called for.  In the afternoon walked with Nelson, and took tea with him at his boarding house.  Introduced to a Mr. Champlin Parker, a lawyer from the North, a smart fellow; and to a Mr. Jones, editor of one of the Whig papers.  He is from Caroline,

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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas