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turn in the river made the wind head; we then cordelled for a mile or two, and finally came to for the night, about five miles from Velasco.  Paid tavern bill at Quintana, $4.  Passage from New Orleans, $25.  Ferryage, 62 1/2 cents.  Apples, 25 cents.

Saturday, February 25, 1837

On the Brazos. -- Weather fine.  Wind still ahead.  The Captain took ten of the passengers in his boat and rowed us up to Brazoria, where we arrived about 4 o'clock in the afternoon.  A small place, some twenty or twenty-five houses, looking decayed, dirty, uncomfortable.  The seat of justice for the County of Brazoria; has been a place of some trade.  Soil black, hard in dry weather, soft and tenacious when wet.  Stopt at a wretched shell of a tavern, kept by Mrs. Long, widow of Colonel [James] Long, who first settled Point Bolivar, on which she now has some claim.[ 7]  Her daughter, the Widow Winston, married Mr. Stiff, late of Fredericksburg, and he now lives with his mother-in-law.  Saw Judge Collinsworth, who received me very cordially, and proffered his friendship and counsel.  This kindness encreases my already favorable opinion of the man.  His court does not sit until November.  Salary, $5,000.  I fear his habits will prevent his discharging the duties of his office with the credit and ability that his talents and honesty would lead the world to expect of him.[ 8]  Saw also Judge Ben C. Franklin, of the Circuit Court, Winfield, Bland McCloud.  Introduced to Mr. Towns, a young lawyer from Mississippi, formerly of Amelia, Virginia, a prepossessing young man.  Also Dr. Jones, Dr. Long, Mr. Scott, clerk of the court, W. H. Jack, P. C. Jack.

Sunday, February 26, 1837

At Brazoria. -- It rained all day; the house crowded, dirty and uncomfortable.  Some played cards all day, some played music; none seemed aware of its being the Sabbath.  Saw McNiel, and delivered to him Freeland's letter; received very politely, and invited to visit him.  Mr. Steele,[ 9]  the Commissioner of Robinson's Colony, came up the river this morning, a passenger in the Watchman.  Brought Jackson's war message, at which we are much surprized; the Texans affect to understand it, and regard it as designed to aid Santa Anna in regaining the ascendancy in Mexico, and thus to facilitate the acquisition of Texas.[10]

Monday, February 27, 1837

At Brazoria.  Called on R. Mills, and delivered Chewning's letter; politely received; said he would cash my drafts on New Orleans for 2 per cent exchange.  Found it impracticable to get a horse.  Our party chartered two skiffs, and procured men to row us up to Marion, for $2 each.  Arrived at Marion about 4 o'clock,


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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas