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chatted with Andy Miller about land, and drank a bowl of his wife's buttermilk; stopt also at Lot's, and ate some more milk and bread.  Stopt also at the Widow Pankey's and got a gourd that I had bought of her little son a year ago.  Found Nunly, whose league of land Gary is to clear out, and which he offered in lieu of his own.  Nunly seems not disposed to let me have it.  Would not go to Walker's with me, but said he would see Gary on Saturday at the sale at J. M. Walker's, and they would talk it over.  Passed on by the Widow Miller's, intending to reach Walker's, but at nightfall got bewildered with the by roads, and stopping at the Widow Singleton's to enquire the way, was invited to stop for the night, which I did.  Kindly treated in a very rude way.  The widow has three children; her mother and two brothers live with her, fine, strapping young men.  We all slept in one little room.  Memo. -- A great many widows here in Texas.  Nunly was working the land of the Widow Riggins.  The maiden name of Mrs. Singleton was Harber, or Harbaugh.  They would receive no pay for my entertainment.  Rude hospitality and unaffected kindness are the characteristics of the old settlers that I meet with.  It is only in retired country places that one will meet with much of these virtues.  The new race are adventurers, sharpers, and many of them blacklegs.  The observing of the old settlers are sensible of this, and lament it with mortified and indignant feelings.  They say they had no occasion for locks in Texas until within the last two years, and now no property is safe.  None of the offices of the new Republic are filled by the old settlers; they are crowded out by new comers, who assume a consequence to which they are not entitled.  The old men see and feel this with deep but smothered mortification.[ 7]

Bill at Washington, $2.12 1/2.

Thursday, March 30, 1837

After breakfast, left the Widow Singleton's, rode by James Walker's, to John's; not at home.  Went on to Gary's; not at home.  Wrote a letter for him, which left with his wife.  Set out on my return to Columbia.  At 1 o'clock reached Perry's, where I got a slight dinner, 25 cents.  Arrived at Edwards' quarter before 5 o'clock.  Chatted with him a few minutes, and rode on to Cummins', where I found Dr. Peebles, who is said to be courting Miss Rebecca.  Bill, $2.  Tooth brush, 37 1/2 cents.  Gave Gary's children 50 cents.  Wind south, drizzly and uncomfortable.

Friday, March 31, 1837

A cold norther.  Burnley arrived this morning to breakfast, having reached Edwards' soon after I left there.  Also joined by Major ----- Steel and Mr. Martin of Washington, and a Mr. Sinks, a new comer from Ohio.  Dined at Allen's, 25 cents.  Slept at Cole's, on the Bernard.  Bill at Cole's, $1.50

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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas