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2. [p.61]  Article VI of the ordinance establishing a provincial government, passed by the Consultation on November 13, 1835, gave judges "jurisdiction over all crimes . . . known to the common law of England" and over civil cases established by the codes of the state of Louisiana. Journals of the Consultation in Jenkins, Papers, vol. 9, p. 298.

3. [p.62]  See volume 8 for additional discussion by Gray on the maneuvers to gain control of development of the island city.

4. [p.63]  The dislocations of war ravaged the primary region of Texas Mexican (Tejano) residence, the Department of Béxar, more than any section of Texas. A substantial number of loyalists to Mexico fled with the retreating centralist forces; others clung to their lands despite the generally anti-Tejano policies of the army of occupation, dominated by Anglo Americans. In the summer of 1836 Texas General Thomas J. Rusk attempted to remove people and cattle from the area south and west of Victoria, and the town of Béxar (San Antonio) also shrank in population. Subsequently, the Tejano population of the Texas Republic had difficulty patenting their land claims and continued to decline from pre-1835 levels. Tejanos and Anglos alike also sold some of their land claims in the speculative post-war environment. Lack, Texas Revolutionary Experience, pp. 180-82, 200-3, 262-63.

5. [p.63]  Houston was elected to the Convention from Refugio. For years historians have asserted, as his most recent biographer writes, that Houston "was mortified . . . when he learned that Nacogdoches balked at electing him one of its delegates." However, he does not appear to have stood for election there, in that he received no votes at all in that hot contest described so well by Gray. Instead, Houston led the polling in Refugio ahead of empresario James Power, who was also elected, and Martin Lawler. John Hoyt Williams, Sam Houston: A Biography of the Father of Texas, p. 134; Election certificate, Refugio municipality, Republic of Texas Election Returns, Convention of 1836, TSA.

6. [p.63]  Austin's ability to dominate events has been often exaggerated. He tended to favor prudent and defensive policies, hoping that delay and continued immigration from the United States would strengthen the position of Texas in its dealings with the Mexican government. Upon his return from Mexico in September of 1835, Austin lent support to the movement for resistance while appealing for continued defense of the Constitution of 1824 in hopes of gaining support from Mexican federalists. Lack, Texas Revolutionary Experience, pp. 33-34, 57, 86.

7. [p.63]  Gray's estate included headright and other land claims he had bought from twenty-five different individuals, but none from Hughes. Two of those claims did involve lands located in Sabine County. W. F. Gray estate, Harris County Probate Record, vol. C, pp. 562-65, Houston Metropolitan Research Center.


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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas