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Later returns from other parts of the district confirmed the election of Rusk, Taylor, and Roberts, but Potter moved into fourth place, denying Allen a seat. Lack, Texas Revolutionary Experience, pp. 79-81.

31. [p.80]  As late as the 1840s the Angelina was navigable nearly to Nacogdoches. Webb, Handbook, vol. 1, p. 50.

32. [p.80]  Actually, before 1835, when it had about 1,000 people, its peak population was around 660 in 1800. James McReynolds, "Spanish Nacogdoches," Archie P. McDonald (comp.), Nacogdoches: Wilderness Outpost to Modern City, 1779-1979, pp. 19-20.

33. [p.80]  Gray's description of housing was reasonably accurate. Even after sawmills came to the area, only affluent families could afford frame houses. As Gray suggested, Anglo American residents took control of much of the political, economic, and social life of the town after 1832. McReynolds, "Mexican Nacogdoches," McDonald (comp.), Nacogdoches, pp. 29, 30, 32.

34. [p.80]  Indeed, there was considerable residential and social segregation, but Gray's subsequent observations refute the assertion that "there is no social intercourse" between Anglos and Tejanos in Nacogdoches.

35. [p.82]  Gray's assessment of Potter was in no way overstated. A North Carolina lawyer, he served two terms in the state's house of representatives and one term in the U. S. Congress. His career was marred by fights, duels, demagoguery, and worse. He resigned from Congress after being jailed for castrating a Baptist preacher and his nephew, both of whom Potter suspected of seducing his wife. In Texas he won election to the Convention by three votes after trailing J. K. Allen in the early returns from Nacogdoches. He was made secretary of the navy because of his five years of experience as a midshipman in the U. S. Navy. As a cabinet member he proposed the dismissal of Houston after the battle of San Jacinto and criticized the Burnet administration's handling of prisoner Santa Anna. He left Texas in mid-May of 1836 and never resumed the cabinet post; instead, Potter focused his attentions on marrying a married woman who had come under his influence during the Runaway Scrape. He and his new wife returned to Texas and lived at Caddo Lake in present Marion County, but Potter returned to politics for only one term in the Texas Senate in 1840-41. He was killed in a feud related to the Regulator-Moderator war on March 2, 1842. Ernest C. Shearer, Robert Potter, Remarkable North Carolinian and Texan, pp. 25-35, 54-57, 75-78, 81, 84, 100.


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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas