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grants in the manner offered to Gray in this instance; these titles were invalid.

13. [p.89]  One form of his service to the Revolution -- the role of informant -- occurred just before Gray entered Texas in January, 1836. Cortines brought before the local vigilance committee the rumor that his brother, Eusebio, had persuaded the Cherokees to launch a Mexican-Indian rebellion. Miguel Cortines also testified that Chief Bowl had supported this conspiracy. Certificates by Thos. J. Rusk and Henry Raguet, May 1, 1837, Miguel Cortines folder, AMC; Miguel Cortines affidavit, July 10, 1836, Blake, vol. 53, pp. 258-60.

14. [p.89]  Born in 1797, Durst came to Texas with his family from Natchitoches in 1806; he resided with his godfather, merchant Samuel P. Davenport, in Nacogdoches. Back in Louisiana in flight from the fallout of the failed Gutierrez-Magee Expedition, Durst served in the War of 1812 for two years. He inherited Davenport's Texas lands in 1829 and received a five-league land grant from Mexico in 1834 (the 1837 tax roll credited him with 36,200 acres). He lived in Nacogdoches, working as a merchant and serving as an interpreter, until 1834 when he moved to the Angelina River. In 1835 he was a Texas representative in the Coahuila and Texas legislature, leaving to warn of the pending centralist military move against Texas. Durst died on February 9, 1851. Vertical Files, Revised Handbook.

15. [p.90]  Gray exaggerated Aldrete's significance. He was a Coahuila merchant with business affairs and property in Béxar and other parts of Texas but not a major leader. Adán Benavides, The Béxar Archives, 1717-1836: A Name Guide, p. 21.

16. [p.90]  The final results gave seats to pro-independence candidates Thomas J. Rusk and Robert Potter along with "constitutionalists" John S. Roberts and Charles S. Taylor, both of whom had clashed with the Mexican government during the previous decade. All four signed the Declaration of Independence, though the latter two expressed reluctance in abandoning their pledged support of the 1824 constitution. Lack, Texas Revolutionary Experience, p. 81.

17. [p.91]  The charges of corruption occurred not only out of jealousy but also because only those favored by political influence were positioned to make purchases from the troubled state government. The Texas Constitution attempted to place the interests of settlers and army volunteers above the speculators, and it specifically invalidated the sales made by the Coahuila legislature of March, 1835. Lack, Texas Revolutionary Experience, pp. 91-92.

18. [p.91]  The Hasinai Indians had used this name, and the Spaniards adopted it beginning with Alonso de León in 1689. Webb, Handbook, vol. 2, p. 266.

19. [p.91]  Daniel McLean had been a trader at this location since the 1820s. Margaret S. Henson, "Notes on the Gray Diary," p. 2.


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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas