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12. [p.115]  George C. Childress, a nephew of empresario Sterling C. Robertson, had arrived in Texas in just enough time to be elected as a delegate from Milam Municipality. He is credited with sole authorship of the Texas Declaration of Independence, which passed the Convention without debate or alteration. He left after adjournment on the assignment of presenting the document in the United States and seeking recognition. He moved back and forth between Tennessee, Louisiana, and Texas until 1841, married, began a second family (his first wife had died in 1835, leaving him with a son), and attempted without success to recover financial solvency through the sale of his Texas land interests and the practice of law. Childress appears to have been to some extent estranged from his wife, who did not move to Texas even after he purchased a furnished house in May, 1841. The combination of personal and business stresses added weight to his melancholy disposition, and he killed himself with a Bowie knife on October 6, 1841. McLean, Robertson's Colony, vol. 18, pp. 71-91.

13. [p.115]  Fannin was seized by a fatal indecision and further paralyzed by an unruly army; together these factors along with aggressive generalship by José de Urrea led to the defeat and capture of Fannin's army at the battle of Coleto on March 19-20 and its massacre one week later on orders from Santa Anna

14. [p.116]  The delegates seated S. Rhoads Fisher over R. R. Royall for a contested Matagorda seat and J. W. Bower over John McMullen for San Patricio. "Journals of the General Convention", Jenkins, Papers, Vol. 9, pp. 307, 309.

15. [p.117]  Ramón Músquiz, a resident of the town of Béxar, was a merchant in the state of Coahuila and Texas until 1827 when he became the Political Chief of the Department of Béxar. He cooperated with Anglo Texans in formulating defenses of slavery to blunt national and state threats, but Músquiz generally disapproved of public expressions of discontent such as the convention of 1832. He became Governor on June 28, 1835. Upon the capture of the city of Béxar by Texas forces on December 10, 1835, he left Texas under orders of Santa Anna and did not return until 1839. Webb, Handbook, vol. 2, p. 253.

16. [p.119]  Gray's observation that the delegates procrastinated on divisive issues like loans and land policy is correct. These kinds of controversies added to the delegates' struggle to craft a constitution in a hasty fashion while urgency increased every day because of the military crisis. Austin and many other prominent Texas politicians were absent, and some of the more experienced representatives (ex-congressman José Antonio Navarro and former provincial governor Zavala) were excluded from key leadership roles. Comparatively young, inexperienced in Texas affairs, and driven by a military orientation, the delegates had little trouble in achieving a consensus for independence, but leadership in forging the constitution was mediocre. As a result the delegates wrote a document modelled

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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas