Go to Page | Index | Cont. | 259n     | Notes | Biblio. | Page- | Page+

at the siege of Béxar. He died in 1874 after a twenty-year career in business in Galveston. Webb, Handbook, vol. 1, pp. 84-85.

14. [p.141]  The correspondent referred to here was George Fisher, a Hungarian-born opportunist who had been an unpopular customs collector in 1830-32 when the centralist government of Mexico attempted to rule Texas more directly and firmly. Both the customs policies and Fisher's manner of enforcement won him the enmity of an otherwise disparate group of Texans, and he left his Galveston Island post in June of 1832. In Matamoros for the next three years he edited a newspaper critical of Santa Anna and was forced to move again, this time to New Orleans in 1835, where he rediscovered his federalist "principles" and participated in various schemes to overthrow Santa Anna. These activities may account for the misinformation that Gray records in the diary regarding the degree of unrest in Mexico in early 1836. Fisher's antagonism toward Santa Anna made him welcome enough to return in 1837, residing primarily in Houston. Webb, Handbook, Vol. 1, pp. 600-1; Margaret Swett Henson, Juan Davis Bradburn, pp. 72-88.

15. [p.142]  William B. Scates had been a Convention delegate, representing Jefferson Municipality, and claimed to have designed a flag (not the Lone Star) approved by the delegates. Born in Virginia on June 27, 1802, Scates was a clerk and carpenter in New Orleans from 1820 to his emigration to Texas in 1831. At Anáhuac he participated in the disturbances against centralist customs policies. He fought in the storming of Béxar in December of 1835, and his memoirs state, "On the adjournment of the Convention . . . I went immediately to the army," meaning that he must have joined a company shortly after these conversations with Gray. His San Jacinto service was with a unit from Sabine Municipality under Colonel Sidney Sherman, and he remained in the army until June 5, 1836, with Captain Hayden Arnold's Nacogdoches volunteers. William B. Scates, "Early History of Anahuac," James M. Day (comp.), The Texas Almanac 1857-1873: A Compendium of Texas History, pp. 681-91; DRT, Muster Rolls, p. 59.

16. [p.142]  Captain Edward H. Stanley was an English officer serving in the Texas army; in May he seized a number of local Tories (those suspected of taking the centralist side and/or supporting Santa Anna's war efforts). The prisoners of war and spy mentioned here cannot be positively identified. Margaret Swett Henson, "Tory Sentiment in Anglo-Texan Public Opinion, 1832-1836," p. 28.

17. [p.143]  Juan Nepomuceno Almonte, the son of radical priest José María Morelos and an Indian mother (Brigida Almonte), was closer to thirty-three years of age (born May 15, 1803). His education included a stint in a New Orleans counting house (not "country house" as the diary has it). An advocate of Mexican independence, he served on a diplomatic mission to England in 1824-25 and

Go to Page | Index | Cont. | 259n     | Notes | Biblio. | Page- | Page+

The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas