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made a famous inspection tour of Texas in 1834 to ascertain its potential for separation. He accompanied Santa Anna during his Texas expedition, subsequent imprisonment, journey to the U. S., and return to Mexico in 1837, where Almonte remained influential and held numerous diplomatic posts. He died in Paris in 1869 after having assisted the French schemes that placed Maximilian on a short-lived imperial throne in Mexico. Webb, Handbook, vol. 1, p. 35; Henson, Williams, p. 58.

18. [p.143]  This steamboat was commanded and co-owned (with Robert Wilson) by William Plunkett Harris, brother of the founder of Harrisburg and former Consultation delegate. In April it would transport the fleeing Texas Cabinet to Galveston island. Webb, Handbook, vol. 1, pp. 319, 777.

19. [p.143]  The army camped at Bernardo plantation built by Jared (not John as Gray indicates) Groce and owned by his eldest son, Leonard. Henson, "Notes on the Gray Diary," p. 6.

20. [p.143]  Dr. James Grant, a Scottish surgeon, had become a land and mine owner as well as legislator in Coahuila before the Texas revolt. Divested of his property and influence by the centralists, Grant fled to Texas with deposed governor Agustín Viesca and served in the storming of Béxar in early December. Grant became a leading advocate of launching an offensive against Matamoros. Refusing to be deterred by the cross purposes and disorganization that beset the forces stationed at Goliad, Grant led a small detachment of about sixty men southward in February. General José de Urrea's command cut off and destroyed Grant's unit at Agua Dulce Creek on March 2, 1836. Whoever added the word "mistake" was correct in regard to Lewis Ayres, an Irish colonist who had requested support from J. W. Fannin in removing Refugio area residents from the path of Urrea's invading army. A company under A. B. King sent for this purpose had instead engaged Tejano centralist supporters only to be cut off in the town. Fannin sent Colonel William Ward with one hundred and twenty men to relieve King, but both units delayed again in order to engage local Tejanos. Urrea's force laid siege to Ward at Refugio, but remnants of both Texas units escaped after further battles on March 14-15. Jakie L. Pruett and Everett B. Cole, Sr., Goliad Massacre: A Tragedy of the Texas Revolution, pp. 32-40, 52-61.

21. [p.144]  The town was not burned until April 7, on orders from General Houston. Frank X. Tolbert, The Day of San Jacinto, p. 66.

22. [p.144]  This schooner belonged to the New Washington Association and its Texas agent, James Morgan. Henson, "Notes on the Gray Diary," p. 6.

23. [p.145]  Gritten was an Englishman and long-term resident of Mexico who first came to Texas in 1834 as a secretary to Juan N. Almonte. His brother-in-law was a prominent Tejano -- J. M. Carbajal of the de León colony. In the summer of 1835, Gritten had reported to Mexican authorities on Texas affairs, consistently

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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas