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and had resided at Peach Point plantation (ten miles south of Brazoria) since December of 1832. Webb, Handbook, vol. 2, pp. 349, 363-64.

37. [p.148]  Purchased by Texas agents Thomas McKinney and Samuel May Williams in early 1836, this 125 ton schooner had been built in Baltimore, intended for use in the African slave trade. The vessel was fitted out by Texas supporters William Bryan, Thomas Green, and Edward Hall. In Texas service it was placed under the command of Jeremiah Brown, with orders to cruise the Gulf coast and destroy the Mexican cruiser Montezuma. The resulting battle on April 3, 1836, caused the Mexican vessel to run aground. Brown then stopped and boarded the U. S. merchant vessel Pocket, determined it to be carrying contraband for the Mexican army, made it a prize, and disposed of it in New Orleans. This incident led to the arrest of the crew of the Invincible on charges of piracy on May 1, 1836, but it returned to Texas waters only to be destroyed after running aground during battle at Galveston harbor on August 27, 1837. Vertical Files, Revised Handbook; Jim Dan Hill, The Texas Navy in Forgotten Battles and Shirtsleeve Diplomacy, pp. 43, 45, 50-52, 56, 59, 61-62.

38. [p.148]  In March and April of 1836, Colonel James Morgan supervised a refugee camp on Galveston Island and construction of fortifications using conscripted slave labor. Lack, Texas Revolutionary Experience, pp. 228, 248-49.

39. [p.149]  A channel between Galveston and Pelican islands had formed what one historian calls "the best natural port between New Orleans and Vera Cruz," though the entrance was obstructed by inner and outer sandbars. The legendary town of Jean Laffite once had a population of about one thousand. The pirate lived in a two-story frame house surrounded by a ditch guarded by four cannon. David G. McComb, Galveston: A History, pp. 8, 35.

40. [p.149]  Bernardo, Conde de Gálvez, was Viceroy of New Spain in 1785-86. Donald E. Chipman, Spanish Texas, p. 264.

41. [p.150]  W. H. Wharton was not one of the ten partners of the Galveston City Company who made the successful claim, but his brother John was closely connected to this enterprise. A. C. Allen was among the founders of this company, which received confirmation of its land grant from the Republic of Texas on December 19, 1836. McComb, Galveston, pp. 42-44.

42. [p.150]  This reference is to property owned by Burrell Franks, who lived at "High Island" (a high place not an actual island as would be inferred from Gray's use of "the High Islands" above). Franks was a long-time area resident, having lived at Lafitte's Galveston settlement in 1817-18. His wife operated a boarding house there and gave birth to a child prior to the more celebrated delivery by Jane Long. Henson, "Notes on the Gray Diary," p. 7.

43. [p.151]  An old privateer, John A. Canty had served with Lafitte. Henson, "Notes on the Gray Diary," p. 7.


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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas