to the 10 killed at the battle of Coleto. Other
casualties occurred earlier in battles at San Patricio, Agua Dulce Creek, and
Refugio. Regarding the number who survived, the best estimates are that
twenty-eight escaped by fleeing once the Mexican guards opened fire and that an
additional twenty were spared because of their medical, interpreting,
mechanical, or other skills or through the intervention of Mexican officers or
civilians. Others were saved because they had been captured before they took up
arms, had been detained as prisoners at Victoria, or had previously been sent
to Matamoros. Pruett and Cole, Goliad Massacre, pp. xiv-xviii;
Webb, Handbook, vol. 1, pp. 704-5.|
VOLUME IX1. [p.156] Winfree's ranch was not directly "opposite" Anáhuac, in that reaching his property involved a boat trip through Cotton Lake and Old River. Henson, "Notes on the Gray Diary," p. 8.
2. [p.156] Jacob Winfree, a native of Louisiana, was widely regarded as a Mexican sympathizer (Tory). He had sold part of his property and left home before April 17, allegedly on business but presumably on a mission for Santa Anna with other area traitors. Some suggestions have been made that these men were involved in cattle rustling rather than in supporting the enemy. Lack, Texas Revolutionary Experience, p. 178.
3. [p.156] Solomon Barrow's property, adjacent to Benjamin Winfree's land grant, was on the western shore of Trinity Bay. Barrow, another Louisiana emigrant, had been in this region since 1824 with his brothers and brother-in-law E. H. R. Wallis. Barrow also favored the cause of Santa Anna and was suspected of being one of those seen by Texas soldiers on the eve of the San Jacinto engagement on what became known as "Tory Hill" opposite the battleground. Henson, "Tory Sentiment," p. 26.
4. [p.156] The usual route involved a ferry crossing. Though the Trinity River is deep, it could be forded under favorable conditions by horse, taking the sandbar at the mouth and swimming only the main channel. Henson, "Notes on the Gray Diary," p. 8.
5. [p.157] Like his in-laws the Barrows, Elisha H. R. Wallis (not Wallace as Gray spelled it) was a Tory. His homesite, known as Wallis Hill (later Wallisville) was a common stopping place for early travelers and became the county seat of Chambers County when it was organized in 1858. Henson, "Notes on the Gray Diary," p. 8; Webb, Handbook, vol. 2, p. 858.