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6. [p.157]  Arsene LeBleu Camersac was a founder of Lake Charles, Louisiana. Henson, "Notes on the Gray Diary," p. 9.

7. [p.157]  Jane Harris was left at Anáhuac by the Cayuga but eventually reached family members on Galveston Island. Adele Briscoe Looscan, "The Pioneer Harrises," p. 369.

8. [p.157]  John W. Smith (1792-1845) emigrated to Texas from Missouri in 1826, settling first at Gonzales before becoming a merchant in Béxar in 1832. He married María Jesús de Curbelo, gained some notoriety as a guide, and was elected mayor of San Antonio in 1837. Biographical Directory of the Texas Conventions and Congresses, p. 173.

9. [p.158]  James Taylor White (LeBlanc) was another resident of this area widely accused of Tory conduct. Although he placed his name on the roll of east Texas volunteers under Major Leander Smith in early April, he set off on this cattle drive to Lake Charles instead. Lack, Texas Revolutionary Experience, p. 177.

10. [p.158]  David Choate received title to a league of land on Pine Island Bayou (on the Jefferson-Hardin county line) in 1835. Henson, "Notes on the Gray Diary," p. 9.

11. [p.159]  This criticism was aimed at Judge Claiborne West, Jefferson Municipality representative to the Convention. A Texan since 1831, the thirty-six-year-old West did not volunteer until July of 1836, when he joined a local militia company. Biographical Directory of the Texas Conventions and Congresses, p. 187.

12. [p.159]  John McGaffey moved to Sabine Pass in 1832 but did not receive a title because when he made application in 1835, the land offices had been closed.  The McGaffeys were also regarded as Tories. Henson, "Notes on the Gray Diary," p. 10.

13. [p.160]  William Ashworth, a free black man of a large family of Ashworths from Louisiana, operated a ferry across Lake Sabine and up the Neches River toward Beaumont. One scholar concluded that the "runaway" blacks seen by Gray were actually part of the Ashworth family. However, during the most tumultuous days of the Texas Revolution, the incidence of slave runaways increased substantially, and group ventures became common. After the San Jacinto battle, many gained refuge with the retreating Mexican army and fled to Mexico, in spite of treaty provisions for their return. Andrew Forest Muir, "The Free Negro in Jefferson and Orange Counties, Texas," pp. 185-86; Lack, Texas Revolutionary Experience, pp. 244-46.

14. [p.162]  Edwin Waller was one of those who dealt in slaves recently imported from Africa. Two of them -- Gumby and Zow -- escaped in 1837 and remained at large for a year before Waller discontinued his runaway advertisement. During the years 1836-38 African-born slaves were among the most frequent and fiercely resistant runaways. Lack, Texas Revolutionary Experience, pp. 246-47.


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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas