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1. [p.212]  The bankrupt treasury forced the Texas government to reward soldiers with land (320 acres for each three months of service) and to pay them in certificates. Impatient to return to the United States, many volunteers sold both of these forms of payment before they left. Their abundance and the unsettled state of government caused these instruments to depreciate greatly. William Ransom Hogan, The Texas Republic, pp. 101-2.

2. [p.212]  Recognition had been delayed because of sectional politics with respect to the slavery issue. The U. S. Senate vote took place on March 1, 1837, following a House of Representatives appropriation for diplomatic expenses the previous day. As his last act as president, Jackson completed the process by naming a chargé d'affaires for Texas. The political, diplomatic, and fiscal difficulties that Gray mentioned caused most Texans to favor annexation throughout the history of the Republic of Texas. Siegel, Political History of the Texas Republic, pp. 75-78.

3. [p.213]  Joseph Baker was born in 1804 in Maine and arrived in San Felipe on December 7, 1831. He taught school and was secretary of the ayuntamiento in 1835. Baker was a partner of the Bordens in founding the Telegraph on October 10, 1835. He served in the Texas army from February 29, 1836, to June 1, 1836, and was in Moseley Baker's company at the San Jacinto battle. He was elected as the first chief justice of Béxar County on December 16, 1836, and represented Béxar in the House of Representatives in 1837-38. Returning to the newspaper business, he published the Houstonian in 1841-42. His Spanish skills were good enough to make him the translator at the General Land Office in 1845. He died in Austin on April 11 of the following year. Vertical Files, Revised Handbook.

4. [p.215]  The original document of this transaction is dated March 25, 1837, and was witnessed by Gideon Walker and Sanders Walker. On April 8, 1837, Gray filed Cary Gary's claims for service in a volunteer ranger company for the period July 3, 1836, to October 3, 1836. Gary's discharge papers entitled Gray to $113.75 for this period of service. The 320-acre bounty warrant that Gray referred to in the diary was not patented until February 9, 1837, by F. D. Gray. Military Discharge Papers and Pay Voucher, October 3, 1836, March 25, 1837, April 8, 1837, AMC; Miller, Bounty and Donation Land Grants, p. 286.

5. [p.215]  First settled in 1824, the community was named for John P. Coles, who operated a public house in Washington County at a site that in 1836 became the town of Independence, Texas. Webb, Handbook, vol. 1, pp. 373, 875.

6. [p.216]  The first official volunteer "ranging" companies were formed by the Permanent Council and the Consultation in October and November of 1835. From

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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas