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those emergency beginnings, in the words of Walter Prescott Webb, emerged an "established tradition. The Rangers were an irregular body; they were mounted; they furnished their own horses and arms; they had no surgeon, no flag, none of the paraphernalia of the regular service. They were distinct from the regular army and also from the militia." However, Webb suggests that the term "Rangers" was not consistently applied to describe all those mounted, frontier-based units. Walter Prescott Webb, The Texas Rangers, pp. 21-23, 24 (quotation), 25-33.

7. [p.217]  President Sam Houston was elected in part by these "new" Texans, but his opponent, Stephen F. Austin, believed that "many of the old settlers who are too blind to see or understand their interest" also voted for the hero of San Jacinto. Further, Houston received overwhelming support from east Texas, which had few of the "old" settlers (a term that usually referred to the early inhabitants of the Austin colony), and from army veterans. Houston emphasized the need to set aside past factionalism. The first Congress was actually composed of men from a wide variety of personal and political backgrounds. Lack, Texas Revolutionary Experience, pp. 258-60.

8. [p.218]  Anthony Somerville, born June 11, 1796, in Maryland, settled in the Austin colonies in 1832 and became a mercantile partner of James F. Perry. He served at San Jacinto and as secretary of war in the summer of 1836. Somerville remained active in politics and war during the period of the Republic, most notably as commander of an ill-fated 1842 expedition in response to a Mexican invasion of Texas. Webb, Handbook, vol. 2, pp. 636-37.

9. [p.218]  Horatio Alsbury, an "old 300" settler, participated in the siege of Béxar in December of 1835. He married Juana Navarro Pérez ("Tory" Angel Navarro) soon thereafter. She found refuge in the Alamo in February of 1836, and her manner of departure has been disputed. Susannah Dickinson accused Juana Alsbury of leaving under protection of a truce on March 4 and then committing treason, but Mrs. Alsbury claimed to have been in the fortress throughout the battle. She received a pension from the Texas legislature for her losses and service in the Alamo. Horatio Alsbury was captured by the Woll expedition in San Antonio in September 1842, spent two years in Perote prison, enlisted in the U. S. Army in the Mexican War, and died in the service in 1847. Webb, Handbook, vol. 1, p. 36; Crystal Sasse Ragsdale, The Women and Children of the Alamo, pp. 27-40.

10. [p.222]  Gray was unsuccessful in this venture. Both the bounty warrant and donation certificates were patented by the heirs of Thomas R. Miller in Gillespie County but not until December 18, 1847. Miller, Bounty and Donation Land Grants, p. 472.

11. [p.223]  There is no mention of J. P. Loller in any military service record.


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The Diary of William Fairfax Gray, from Virginia to Texas, 1835-1837
Copyright 1997 William P. Clements Center for Southwest Studies
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas